The city is located on the hilly plateau of the southeastern Brazilian Highlands with an average elevation around 800m. However, it is situated at just 70 km away from the Atlantic Ocean. The city is geographically situated in the central part of Sao Paulo's metropolitan area, which is the largest metropolitan area in the nation and has an area of around 8,051 km² (3,108.5 sq mi).
Geographical coordinates of Sao Paulo: 23°33′01″S 46°38′02″W
The city of Sao Paulo often experiences a humid subtropical climate. The summer season during the months of December and February is very hot and wet when the temperature goes up to 30ºC (86ºF). The all-time record high temperature of the city is 35.3ºC (96.6ºF) which was recorded on November 15, 1985. Rainfall is abundant during warmer months.
The winter season during the months of June to August is cold and very dry. The city and the surrounding coastal area has never been hit by any a tropical cyclone ever. The temperature in winter hardly goes under 10ºC (50ºF). The all-time record low temperature of the city is -2.1°C (28°F) and that was recorded on August 2, 1955 at the Mirante de Santana National Weather Station, in the north region.
The weather of the city can change very quickly in both seasons – in the summer and winter.